Tag Archives: oranges

Marvelous mandarins

mandarins, MM

Mandarins at Monterey Market, Berkeley, California

I KNOW, I’VE SAID IT BEFORE, but it’s worth saying again: The mandarin is a wonderful winter treat, the season’s ultimate snack fruit.

If you can find mandarins in the store with leaves intact — and the leaves look nice and fresh — that’s the best indication that the fruit is fresh, picked only shortly before being shipped to market.

Mandarins, tangerines, clementines — what’s it all about? What are Pages and Sumos, Murcotts and Tangos? And what about Cuties and Halos (commercial brand names for mandarins) — and why are they better later in the season, from January to April?

Find out the answers to all of these questions and more in the excellent recent New York Times’ article, Mandarin Oranges: Rising Stars of the Fruit Bowl, by fruit expert David Karp.

For my other post about mandarins, including a mandarin cocktail, click here.


Mandarins and oranges — both in their winter prime.



Filed under dessert, fruit, winter

Oh, marvelous citrus!


I have the great good fortune to be spending the month of January in Southern California, in the beach town of Carpinteria near Santa Barbara, where there are five farmers markets a week in a 20-mile radius. One of them, every Thursday, is just down the block! Having so many fresh fruits and vegetables is something of a miracle, but the seasonal highlight for me is always citrus.

Wherever you are this winter, unless you are a strict locavore, you can enjoy the wonder of citrus.


Oranges are at their best this time of year and it’s hard to go wrong with a nice juicy navel orange.


Fruit aficionado David Karp, who writes Market Watch for the L.A. Times, recently had this to say about mandarins. “Mandarins at their best are the noblest of citrus, with intense, complex aromatics and fascinating varietal identities,” he writes. We drove up to the farmers market in Ojai to find some tasty clementines and Lee mandarins from Friend’s Ranch and they are both delicious.


You probably won’t find Lee mandarins, but grocery stores are full of clementines, often marketed as “Cuties” or “Bee Sweet” or “Sweeties” or some other name. Another easy to find (and easy to peel “zipper skin”) mandarin is the Satsuma.

Blood orange, satsuma

Blood orange, Satsuma mandarin

Now, I know I’m usually talking about lemons, and for once I have enough to keep me going for awhile. I toured the Saticoy Lemon Association packing plant the other day and came away with a wonderful gift: a big box of lemons!


It’s a cliche, but I will be making lemonade — and more!

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Filed under Uncategorized

Celebrate citrus

A box of citrus from California Citrus Specialties

Readers who know me know that I’m crazy about lemons, but I’d like to take this opportunity  to sing the praises of all kinds of citrus. Oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, limes, lemons, citron, kumquats…..

There’s a dazzling variety of citrus types, mainly because citrus hybridizes so easily. This happens naturally — human attempts to create citrus varieties have been less successful.

Buddha's Hand citron, Meyer lemon, common lemon, orange

Botanists say that only three types of citrus–citron, mandarin and pummelo —are the parents of all citrus trees in the world. So, for example, sweet oranges such as navels or Valencias, are hybrids of mandarin and pummelo. Lemon is an ancient hybrid with much genetic material from citron, Meyer lemon a natural hybrid of lemon and orange. Other citrus varieties are born of spontaneous natural mutations– for example, the Cara Cara Pink Navel, which was discovered on a branch of a tree in Venezuela.

Exotic varieties are exciting, to be sure, but there’s no need to go far afield to enjoy citrus.  A common orange, lemon or lime is itself extraordinary and wonderful. It wasn’t so long ago that people were delighted to discover oranges in their Christmas stockings.

Winter is prime citrus season, and how lucky we are to have all that terrific fresh citrus from California, available at reasonable prices in the grocery store.

This December, as I’m heading off for a few days in S. California citrus country, I’ve been reminding myself that a great dessert or snack is simply a peeled orange or mandarin.

But what about that lovely scented peel?

This is also the season to make really special treats, and earlier this week Aviva and I were getting together to make some traditional German lebkuchen — a kind of soft cookie with nuts, spices and candied citrus peel– that our family always had at Chanukah.

But before we could make the lebkuchen, I needed that candied citrus peel– and I knew that none was better than homemade. 

Years ago, my friend Cathy and I spent a delightful and memorable day making candied lemon peel. The results still needed some tweaking– and ever since that day, we have been exchanging recipes and samples.

This time, I used the recipe from Russ Parson’s book “How to Pick a Peach,” with about half the amount of fruit he uses (the smaller batch is a little less daunting, though probably also a little less practical). I’m in favor of using organic citrus for the recipe–for even though the peel is blanched and boiled, who wants even traces of fungicide in their candy?

Candied lemon and orange peel

My first experiment included both lemons and oranges, but it was a pain to peel the lemons, and the end product had a tougher texture than I wanted, so for the second batch, I just used oranges. However, later, I made another batch with fresher lemons–both common types and Meyer lemons–and both were not difficult to peel and came out great.

The candied peels were wonderful. For little gifts, I packed some up in parchment paper and foil.

Here’s the variation I used on Russ Parson’s recipe. Warning: this process takes awhile. A couple hours at least, start to finish.  But worth it. So worth it.

Candied citrus peel, adapted from Russ Parsons

2 ½ pounds of organic citrus (oranges, grapefruit are best)—about 3 very large oranges
2 ½ cups sugar
2 cups water

In a medium saucepan, bring 2 cups of sugar and 2 cups of water to a boil. Cook, stirring occasionally, over medium heat until you have about two cups of thin syrup. This will take about an hour.

Meanwhile, score the skin of each citrus fruit in sections about two inches wide.  Cut through the skin but not into the fruit. Peel the fruit with your fingers. There will still be pith attached to the skin. Use the fruit for another purpose (such as eating while you’re making the candied peel).

Put all the sections of peel into a large pot and cover with water. Bring to a boil, drain the peels and rinse briefly under cold water. Then blanch the peels in the same way two more times. After the third blanching, drain and rinse the peels under cold water.

Press excess water from the peels, and using a thin sharp knife, carefully remove as much pith as possible, until you can see the color of the skin.

Cut the peels into shreds, 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch wide.

Cover the shredded citrus peel with cold water and bring to a simmer. Cook until the peel loses its raw look, about 5 to 10 minutes. Drain but do not rinse the peel and transfer immediately to a large bowl. Cover the hot peel with the hot syrup and set aside for 1 hour to candy.

Heat the oven to warm. Place the remaining ½ cup of sugar in the bottom of another large bowl. Drain the candied peel, add it to the sugar and toss to coat well with sugar. Shake the sugar and transfer the peel to a wire cake rack, set over a cookie sheet to catch the sugar. Arrange the peel in a single layer. Place the rack and the pan in a warm oven for 30 minutes.

Remove the pan from the oven and let the peel sit at room temperature to finish drying. Candied citrus peel will become firmer and chewier over time, so you can let it sit out overnight or for one, two or three days until it is just the way you like it. Store candied peel in an airtight container, such as a tin, for up to several months – if you can resist eating it for so long.


Filed under baked goods, dessert, fruit, Praise for other cooks, Uncategorized, winter